Emerging Renaissance

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The Best of Freedomain Radio

The following is a list of my favorite podcasts from Stefan Molyneux’s Freedomain Radio, for those in search of his best material or a condensed stream:

The Best of Freedomain Radio

Note: “The Best of Freedomain Radio” has been changed from a POST to a PAGE. The new page can be accessed by clicking the link above, or by clicking here.

April 17, 2009 Posted by | Debating, Economics, Education, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Religion | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 7 Comments

Madoff Made Off?

For every catastrophe, someone has to take the fall. This time the fall guy is Bernard Madoff.

That’s not to say that he isn’t guilty—he did after all admit to defrauding investors of as much as $65 billion. According to reports, Madoff misled investigators, stole from investors, and probably ruined a lot of people’s lives. It has been called the largest ponzi scheme in American history, and its collapse severely damaged the portfolios of major banks, insurance companies, pension funds, and charitable foundations. People across the nation are morally outraged. One commentator claims the scandal is even to blame for falling investor confidence that “could keep Baby Boomers away from equities.”

It’s all a very effective distraction, isn’t it? Everybody gets to show a little outrage and feel like the bad guys are being taken care of. But as long as we focus only on Madoff and his crimes, we will fail to recognize the magnitude of the crime that is happening all around us.

The largest ever ponzi scheme did collapse last year, but it wasn’t Bernard Madoff’s investment fund. It was the stock market.

A ponzi scheme is “a fraudulent investment operation that pays returns to investors from their own money or money paid by subsequent investors rather than from any actual profit earned.”

For years real estate prices have been pushed artificially higher by fraudulent government policies. As time passed the fraud grew and became more lucrative, and people invested in it—both financially and psychologically. Just like other ponzi schemes, the bigger the fraud got the more people had to be involved in order to sustain it. Investment houses opened new funds and sold the promise of easy money, while ratings agencies used models which assumed housing prices would rise forever. As long as new money poured in, existing investors continued to get paid—a characteristic of any ponzi scheme. By the time investors acted on all the distorted economic signals and bad information, the value of investments was completely detached from reality. When new money stopped coming in and prices stopped going up, the collapse was both swift and brutal.

Losses from the Madoff scheme pale in comparison to the losses suffered as a result of last year’s financial collapse. It was but a miniscule parasitical offspring of a much bigger global ponzi scheme. The “never-ending boom” rippling outward from the housing market created the illusion of prosperity for its victims, but it eventually collapsed as all ponzi schemes must.

Global financial losses from the collapse have been estimated as high as $50 trillion, exceeding losses from the Madoff scheme by almost 1000 times. The reason people focus so much on the Madoff case is that he can be easily punished, while the government is legally invincible.

It is irresponsible to focus so much on relatively minor crimes that we fail to see the larger crimes happening all around us. Yes, Madoff made off with a lot of money, but he’s a little fish in a big pond. Let’s stop pretending that he’s the biggest criminal in town and start focusing our moral outrage where it belongs.

March 14, 2009 Posted by | Economics, Politics | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Doomed to Repeat?


The following is an analysis of stock market action over the past 8 years, based on the correlation between the Post-Y2K Nasdaq Composite and Great Depression Dow Jones Industrial Index, plus an outlook for the next 4 years.


No one could have predicted this crisis. At least, that is the story being told by every analyst, pundit, and politician who wants us to believe that they are doing their best to alleviate the situation.

Wouldn’t it be nice if the economy had suffered something in the past which was remotely similar to what we are going through now? Wouldn’t it be convenient if there were a game plan for the current crisis that might have told us what to expect—and might now tell us what to expect in the future? I believe that such a game plan exists as an underlying pattern in human psychology, and that we have been marching to its tune for 8 years now.

Whenever a major correction strikes the market, people like to compare the current environment to previous declines like those suffered during the Great Depression of the 1930’s, stagflation of the 1970’s, and a few relatively minor shocks along the way like 1946, 1962, 1987, and 1998. In recent weeks comparing the current financial meltdown to the Great Depression has become especially popular. Let’s take some time to figure out whether this comparison is valid or not.

The Great Depression was obviously an economic catastrophe. Industrial production ground to a halt and millions of people lost their jobs. The stock market fell almost 90%, unemployment topped 25%, and thousands of banks failed as production stalled and confidence plummeted [1]. Compared to indicators like those we’re still doing very well, even after the financial carnage of the past few weeks, which have seen the stock market fall 40% from its 2007 highs and the unemployment rate rise to 7.2% [2]. Even during the bear market of 2000-2002, the Nasdaq lost 78% of its value and unemployment touched 6% [3]. Real Gross Domestic Product barely declined [4]. Obviously there are some major differences between the Great Depression economy and the Post-Y2K economy. However, despite the differences, there are several significant similarities that are worth noting.

From 1925 to 1929 the Dow Jones Industrial Index (henceforth “the Dow”) enjoyed unprecedented gains, which were later discovered to have been highly speculative in nature. Beginning with “Black Tuesday” on October 29, 1929, the stock market sank into a decade-long slump that would not end until the middle of World War II. Similarly, from 1995 to 1999 the Nasdaq Composite (henceforth “the Nasdaq”) enjoyed a historic advance of nearly 600%, only to fall and stay well below its old highs for many years. Why the Dow then and the Nasdaq now? During the 1920’s, the Dow was largely made up of relatively new growth companies (like the Nasdaq in the 1990’s), whereas today most Dow components are well-established companies.


1930's Dow / 2000's Nasdaq Overlay

In fact, from a technical perspective the comparison between the Great Depression Dow and the Post-Y2K Nasdaq is extremely compelling (see Figure 1 above).

The Dow topped on September 3, 1929, and broke in late October; the Nasdaq topped on March 10, 2000, and broke in early April [point A]. Since the Nasdaq’s top at the beginning of this decade, it has been tracking the Great Depression Dow almost to the month (see Figures 2 and 3 below).

Immediately following their tops, both had significant initial plunges in price, followed by sustained rallies which retraced the initial plunges by approximately 50%, lasting about 100 trading days each [point B]. After the retracements both indexes rolled over, falling to their lows in 6 or 7 down waves over approximately the next 550 (Dow) and 525 (Nasdaq) trading days [point C].

Both indexes rallied to form a kind of “shelf base” following their lows [point D], before rallying significantly during years ending in 3—1933 for the Dow and 2003 for the Nasdaq [point E]. In both indexes, the 4th and 5th years were nearly flat (Dow) to slightly positive (Nasdaq) [point F], while 6th and 7th years were very positive [point G]. During the 7th year, both indexes formed very similar tops (variations on the textbook “head and shoulder” top) [point H], before rolling over and descending in a curve and hovering over the highs made in the 4th and 5th years [point I].

After drifting along their lows for several months, both indexes then proceeded into capitulation [point J]. In 1938, the Dow capitulation was triggered by declines in commodity prices, a recession, and disappointment over the failure of the New Deal to spur the economy [5]; in 2008, the Nasdaq capitulation was triggered by a credit market lock-up and nationalization of major financial institutions around the world.

In a final parallel, the Dow/gold ratio and Nasdaq/gold ratio have posted similar declines. From its high in 1929 to its low in 1932, the Dow fell roughly 88 percent compared with gold. Similarly, during its post-Y2k decline the Nasdaq fell 90 percent against gold.

(All figures are as of October 2008.)

1930's Dow / 2000's Nasdaq Monthly Correlation

Both monthly and daily correlations are statistically significant.

1930's Dow / 2000's Nasdaq Daily Correlation


Almost no one is talking about the similarities between the Great Depression Dow and Post-Y2K Nasdaq charts. With all of the supposedly brilliant minds in Congress and at the Federal Reserve “working on” the economy, it is surprising that no one has noticed the parallels. How many times have we heard the maxim that those who are not mindful of history are doomed to repeat it? And yet here we are exactly 70 years later, repeating the psychological and financial pattern of the Great Depression. People toss about words like “unprecedented” [6] and “unpredictable,” [7] but the similarities between the charts are undeniable.

The specific events underlying the current-day market are certainly different from the events which occurred during the Great Depression, but people’s psychological response to them is very similar, causing the pattern to repeat itself. The Great Depression and Post-Y2K time period shared three broad sociological trends: the collapse of a euphoric bubble, fear (both economic and political), and the growth of government power.

Exploding growth in new technology, relative peace, and loose monetary policy during both periods combined to produce the asset bubbles. Personal computers and the internet ushered in a new era of productivity at the end of the last century, while the 1920’s saw the invention of the television, spread of the radio, and mass production of the automobile [8]. The 1920’s began with the end of World War I, when the United States became an undisputed world power. The same thing happened during the 1990’s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Both bubble periods saw explosions in the use of credit due to falling interest rates [9].

The government’s response to any crisis is to grow, and it takes advantage of its citizens’ fear to justify its expansion. The scope of the government’s power increased dramatically during the Depression, and it has grown dramatically again during the decade of the Post-Y2K slump. George W. Bush is compared with Franklin D. Roosevelt for a reason. During the Depression the government expanded its power through the New Deal; during the past few years the government has expanded through deficit financing, expansion of the Federal Reserve’s powers, and enactments like the Patriot Act [10], the Military Commissions Act [11], and Sarbanes-Oxley [12].

There is an almost universal consensus that the government should “do something” about the financial crisis, yet most people don’t stop to ask what the original causes of the crisis are, and whether the government contributed to the problem. Just like the asset bubble that ushered in the Great Depression [13], the internet [14], commodities [15], and housing [16] bubbles (and their ensuing collapses) were caused by government manipulation, especially of the currency.

Introducing more of the original cause (government manipulation) is likely to produce more of the same effects. Manipulation necessitates additional intervention to “correct” instabilities caused by the first intervention. This is what happened during the Great Depression, and the same thing is happening now. If we wish no longer to be subject to the instability of the boom-bust cycle (both financial and psychological), then we must eliminate their cause—which is the manipulation of governments.


If the correlation between the Post-Y2K Nasdaq and Great Depression Dow continues, a few predictions can be made for the coming years (see Figure 4 below).

The recent market bottom will hold, and the bounce which started in November will continue into next summer, with the Nasdaq reaching as high as 2,000.

The summer high will be the third best shorting period of the cycle (following March 2000, and October 2007). From June 2009 through the fourth quarter of 2012, the Nasdaq should trade sideways much of the time, slowly falling back to its recent lows, possibly undercutting them. The nominal (dollar-denominated) bottom should occur around October 2012.

Dow from 1929 high to 1942 low

Nasdaq March '00 to Present

Will the pattern continue?

January 27, 2009 Posted by | Economics | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 5 Comments



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